Saints Edmund Campion, Robert Southwell and Their Companions

Celebrated December 1

Saints Edmund Campion, Robert Southwell, Priests and Martyrs, and Their Companions, Martyrs
Today we commemorate the ten canonised and eighteen beatified Jesuit martyrs of England and Wales. 
All of them were martyred on their native soil between 1581 and 1679, at a time when the Catholic Church was the object of fierce persecution.
St. Edmund Campion was born in London on June 25, 1540, and for a time taught at Oxford University. After becoming reconciled in 1572 to the Catholic Church, he entered the Society of Jesus in Rome, and was one of the first Jesuits to be assigned to the English Mission. 
England, at the time of his arrival there, was a land where the Mass was prohibited and priests were hunted as traitors. 
He secretly ministered to English Catholics for a year, and he was then captured on July 16, 1581, and imprisoned in the Tower of London. Because he refused to apostatise and accept the religion established by Queen Elizabeth I (reigned 1558–1603), he was hanged, drawn, and quartered at Tyburn, London, on December 1, 1581.
St. Robert Southwell, one of England’s better poets, was born at Horsham St. Faith, near Norwich, in 1561. 
He became a Jesuit in Rome in 1578, and he returned to England as a missionary in 1586. He secretly laboured among the English Catholics for six years, until he was captured on June 25, 1592. 
He suffered imprisonment for two and a half years, during which time he was brutally tortured. He was condemned to death because he was a priest, and he was hanged, drawn and quartered at Tyburn, London, on February 21, 1595.
The ten saints commemorated today were canonised by Pope Paul VI in 1970; of the eighteen blessed, three were beatified in 1886, thirteen in 1929, and two in 1987.

Saints
Birth
Death
Edmund Campion
1540
December 1, 1581
Alexander Briant
1553
December 1, 1581
Robert Southwell
1561
February 21, 1595
Henry Walpole
1558
April 7, 1595
Nicholas Owen
?
March 2, 1606
Thomas Garnet
1575
June 23, 1608
Edmund Arrowsmith
1585
August 28, 1628
Henry Morse
1595
February 1, 1645
Philip Evans
1645
July 22, 1679
David Lewis
1616
August 27, 1679
Blessed
Birth
Death
Thomas Woodhouse
1535
June 19, 1573
John Nelson
1535
February 3, 1578
Thomas Cottam
1549
May 30, 1582
John Cornelius
1557
July 4, 1594
Roger Filcock
1570
February 27, 1601
Robert Middleton
1570
April 3, 1601
Francis Page
?
April 20, 1602
Ralph Ashley
?
April 7, 1606
Edward Oldcorne
1561
April 7, 1606
Thomas Holland
1600
December 12, 1642
Ralph Corby
1598
September 7, 1644
Peter Wright
1603
May 19, 1651
William Ireland
1636
January 24, 1679
John Fenwick
1628
June 20, 1679
John Gavan
1640
June 20, 1679
William Harcourt
1609
June 20, 1679
Anthony Turner
1628
June 20, 1679
Thomas Whitbread
1618
June 20, 1679
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